What is primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH)?



Primary Pulmonary Hypertension - What is primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH)?

Pulmonary hypertension may be a lung disorder within which the blood pressure within the pulmonary artery rises so much on top of traditional levels.
History of the disease:

The first reported case of primary pulmonary hypertension occurred in 1891 with a printed description of an autopsy that showed thickening of the deceased's pulmonary artery, however no indications of heart or lung disease. In 1951, when thirty-nine cases were reported within the u. s., the illness received its name.

Between 1967 and 1973, an unexplained increase in primary pulmonary hypertension was reported in central Europe. the rise within the variety of cases was eventually attributed to aminorex fumarate, an amphetamine-like drug introduced in Europe in 1965 to manage appetite. When aminorex was faraway from the market, the incidence of primary pulmonary hypertension went right down to traditional levels.

More recently, within the u. s. and France, primary pulmonary hypertension has been related to the appetite suppressants fenfluramine and dexfenfluramine, that were come into being the market in 1997. In the US, there are an estimated three hundred to one,000 new cases diagnosed annually, however the particular range of cases is unknown. it's commonest in girls between the ages of twenty and 40; but, anyone will develop it.
What are causes of pulmonary hypertension?

The exact reason for PPH is unknown. analysis has linked primary pulmonary hypertension to genetic or familial predisposition. Researchers believe the blood vessels are significantly sensitive to bound internal or external factors, and constrict, or narrow, when exposed to those factors, like an immune system issue, or sensitivity to medication or alternative chemicals.

Secondary pulmonary hypertension happens as a results of the results of alternative conditions which can embrace diseases of the guts or lungs, a blood clot within the lungs, or a condition referred to as scleroderma.
What are the symptoms of pulmonary hypertension?

The following are the foremost common symptoms for pulmonary hypertension. However, every individual might expertise symptoms differently. Symptoms might include:
  1. fatigue
  2. problem in respiratory (dyspnea)
  3. dizziness
  4. fainting spells (syncope)
  5. swelling within the ankles or legs (edema)
  6. bluish lips and skin (cyanosis)
  7. chest pain (angina)
  8. racing pulse
  9. hassle obtaining enough air
  10. palpitations, robust throbbing sensations brought on by increased heart rate

More severe symptoms indicate a additional advanced disease. In advanced stages, the patient:

is ready to perform minimal activities.
has symptoms even when resting.
might become bedridden if the disease becomes worse.

The symptoms of primary pulmonary hypertension might resemble alternative conditions or medical issues. Consult your physician for a diagnosis.

How is primary pulmonary hypertension diagnosed?

Pulmonary hypertension isn't discovered during a routine medical examination, and in its later stages, the signs of the disease is confused with different conditions affecting the center and lungs.

Pulmonary hypertension could be a diagnosis of exclusion. Diagnostic procedures might include:

electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG) - a take a look at that records the electrical activity of the center, shows abnormal rhythms (arrhythmias or dysrhythmias), and detects heart muscle injury.
echocardiogram (echo) - a procedure that evaluates the structure and performance of the center by using sound waves recorded on an electronic sensor that manufacture a moving image of the center and heart valves.
pulmonary operate tests - diagnostic tests that facilitate to live the lungs' ability to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide appropriately. The tests are sometimes performed with special machines into that the person should breathe.
perfusion lung scan - a nuclear medication procedure that may detect a blood clot within the artery resulting in the lung. This procedure may also assess the operate of the lungs.
cardiac catheterization - a procedure that evaluates blood flow to the center muscle, blockage of coronary arteries, congenital heart defects, functioning of the center valves, and different heart structures. atiny low catheter is advanced from a blood vessel within the groin or arm through the aorta to the center.


Treatment for pulmonary hypertension:

Specific treatment are determined by your physician based mostly on:
  • your age, overall health, and medical history
  • extent of the disease
  • your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
  • expectations for the course of the disease
  • your opinion or preference

Treatment might embrace one or a lot of of the following:
  1. medications, including:
  • anticoagulants - to decrease the tendency of the blood to clot and allow blood to flow a lot of freely
  • diuretics - to decrease the number of fluid within the body and cut back the number of labor the center has got to do
  • medicine - to assist lower blood pressure within the lungs and improve the performance of the center in several patients
  • calcium channel blocking/vasodilators medicine - to enhance the heart's ability to pump blood
  • supplemental oxygen
  • Some patients additionally need supplemental oxygen delivered through nasal prongs or a mask if respiration becomes troublesome.
  • lung or heart-lung transplantation


Responses

1 Respones to "What is primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH)?"

mohanlink™ said...

just pray to God to have a heal :)


August 25, 2011 at 11:22 PM

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